페이지 정보작성자 악동팀 작성일20-06-07 12:37 조회7회 댓글0건
onHigh School Attached to College of Education, Chung-Ang UniversityAccording to the Ministry of Unification, the number of North Korean defectors arriving in South Korea since the death of Kim Jong Il fell from 2,706 in 롤듀오 2011 to just 1,502 in 2012 and has remained low ever since. What could have led to this dramatic decline? It has been suggested that an improving economy under Kim Jong Un may have caused fewer people to risk their lives trying to escape the country, but NGOs such as Liberty in North Korea claim that this alone cannot explain the drop in defector numbers.This is where China?셲 role may be being overlooked. Defectors typically cross the border into China, travel to a third country such as Mongolia or Thailand, then travel to safety in South Korea. However, although China signed the UN Convention relating 롤듀오 to the Status of Refugees, it classifies arrested North Koreans as economic migrants and repatriates them to North Korea where they can face torture, imprisonment or execution.According to Andrei Lankov, an authority 롤듀오 on North Korean issues, the Chinese authorities have erected fences and watchtowers and are more actively patrolling the border region, looking for newly-arrived defectors. However, while the exact number is unknown, Human Rights Watch estimated that in 2016, 92 defectors had been arrested in China, with 46 of those being repatriated to North Korea. Given the number of defectors believed to cross the border each year, this small number of arrests and repatriations also cannot fully explain the decrease in arrivals in South Korea.An important factor in decreasing defector arrivals is the increasing difficulty and expense of hiring a b
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